Hungary does not appear to be an authoritarian state on the surface, and the repercussions of Orbns’ takeover are in many respects subtle.
One of the most stunning cities on the planet is Budapest. According to Kim Lane Scheppele, a Princeton University sociologist and expert on Hungarian politics, “it feels so practical and liberating that you arrive there and think this can’t possibly be a dictatorship.”
That’s because Orbn’s repression is extremely 21st-century in nature, she added, noting that constitutional amendments rather than acts of violence had weakened the nation’s democracy.
Hungary only receives an partly free rating from Freedom House, a human rights advocacy organization based in Washington. According to its assessment for 2022, Orbn has used legislative measures to strengthen his hold on the nation’s independent institutions, enact anti-LGBT and anti-immigrant laws, and obstruct opposition organizations, journalists, universities, and nonprofit organizations.
In 2020, Hungary outlawed adoption by same-sex couples and took away transgender people’s ability to legally change their gender as part of the Orbn family values program. The Istanbul convention, a binding international agreement signed by 34 European states and focused at combating violence against women, is also ratified by Hungary.
Republicans with praised Orbns border policies include Sen. Ron Johnson, R-Wis., who claimed that the Capitol violence on January 6 was mostly a peaceful protest. What actually draws the United States to him?
According to Scheppele, Orbn maintains his dominance because it allows him to win again and time again. Therefore, the question is: What do the Republicans want? Are they moving away from the idea that the peaceful transfer of power is the foundation of democracy, against the notion that the person who wins a majority should be in charge, and against the concept of the separation of powers?
What extent do they intend to take this? Added she. That, in my opinion, is the worrisome part.
REVOLUTIONARY WITH A BEARD
Approximately 40 miles west of Budapest, near Szkesfehrvr, Viktor Mihly Orbn was born in 1963. The family was located in a modest setting. He claims that when he was a little child, he and his siblings helped out in the field by tending to the pigs and poultry. He has also stated in recounted that at the age of 15, he first used a washroom with running hot water.
On the exact field where the obsessive soccer fanatic Orbn used to play as a child, the Pancho Arena in the village of Felcst was constructed in 2014. The elegant stadium has 3,800 seats, which can accommodate more than twice the town’s population.
As a 26-year-old bearded revolutionary in the final days of the Communist administration, Orbn first gained notoriety. He received funding from the George Soros Open Society Foundations to study at Oxford University for nine months in order to study civil society in European political philosophy.
33 years later, Orbn and his friends paint Soros as a perilous puppet master behind Western schemes to compel migrants into countries that don’t want them. He is a natural target for far-right nationalists since his Open Foundation provides funding to independent organizations that promote justice, democratic governance, and human rights.
Fidesz sponsored an anti-immigration campaign in 2017 with the slogan: Let’s not let Soros have the last laugh. The campaign featured a photograph of Soros’ face. By claiming that the photographs are antisemitic and are a part of a purposeful disinformation campaign, Soros responded.
AN INTEGRATED REGIME?
In his native Hungary, journalist and Orbn biographer Paul Lendvai, 92, has a long history of encountering opposition politics and authority. He was born to Jewish parents and imprisoned in a Hungarian internment camp before escaping in the course of the 1956 revolt against the Communist regime that was supported by the Soviet Union.
Lendvai, who is based in Vienna, claimed that the key to Orbn’s tale is that Fidesz, which has teamed up with KDNP (the Christian Democratic Peoples Party) to win the last four elections, holds sway over all the major power structures.
Currently, the administration is a combination of an open dictatorship and a cultural democracy, and there is no way to overthrow it because they have the majority needed to amend the law, including electoral legislation. He asserted that they control the legal system.
2017 Lendvais biography According to Orbn: Europe’s New Strongman, Orbn gained control of all government levers after a new Constitution was adopted in 2011 that required a two-thirds supermajority in Parliament, which Orbn has held since 2010. This has had a significant impact on the election process and the laws governing media ownership.
A democracy no longer exists in Hungary. According to Lendvai, it is not or is not yet a dictatorship like Russia or China. People can protest, go to the West, and form “opposition” parties.
However, nothing can be changed because the government controls 80% of the news in the whole communication sector, including the so-called commercial and public sectors.
According to Reporters Without Borders, Orbn has created a media empire whose outlets carry out the directives of his party.
The Hungarian government’s International Communications Office provided a detailed answer to NBC News’s inquiries in which it claimed that impartial observers had verified that Fidesz-KDNP had earned a record number of votes in the election held in April. The administration has always respected European principles and complied with expectations of the rule of law, it claimed, and is dedicated to ensuring rights including a free and diversified media and freedom of expression.
According to the statement, racism and antisemitism are not accepted in Hungary and will be prosecuted with the full force of the law. They are also not tolerated in political discourse.